Excretory System

Renal Failure( or Kidney Failure) is when your kidneys fail to function adequately. This means that something has happend to stop normal function of your kidneys.

external image Kidney_Transplant.jpg

There are 2 types of Renal Failure: Acute and Chronic - Acute renal failure prerenal ( before renal) failure- causes are:

Acute: rapid loss of renal funtion due to damage to the kidneys.
  • decrease in urine production
  • chronic hypertension
  • dehydration from loss of body fluids ( vomiting, diarrhea, fever, and sweating)
  • poor intake of fluids
  • medication; diuretics ("water pills")
  • loss of blood supply due to blockage of the renal artery or vein
Chronic Renal Failure: progressive loss of kidney fucntion.
  • sepsis- the body is overwhelmed with infection and causes inflamation and shutdown of the kidneys.
  • Medications- some medications are toxic( meaning don't take them) for your kidneys. A common example is ibuprofen

Some common treatments for Renal Failure are:
  • Diet- limit foods with excessive amounts of water,salts, and potassium
  • Medications- phosphorus- lowering medications,Red blood cell production stimulation,Red blood cell production,Blood pressure medications, and vitamins
  • Dialysis is a mechanical substitution of the proccess blood purificaton that occurs in a normal working kidney. If a persons kidneys are not working properly, dialysis is a temporary treatment that lets people to live productive lives. Usualy a patient has to do dialysis three times per week, and also depending on the doctors orders.